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Generalization and applicability of the Landauer formula for nonequilibrium current in the presence of interactions

TitleGeneralization and applicability of the Landauer formula for nonequilibrium current in the presence of interactions
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsNess, H., Dash L. K., & Godby R. W.
Abstract

Using nonequilibrium Green’s functions (NEGFs), we calculate the current through an interacting region connected to noninteracting leads. The problem is reformulated in such a way that a Landauer-like term appears in the current as well as extra terms corresponding to nonequilibrium many-body effects. The interaction in the central region renormalizes not only the Green’s functions but also the coupling at the contacts between the central region and the leads, allowing the total current to be further expressed as a generalized Landauer-like current formula. The general expression for the dynamical functional that renormalizes the contacts is provided. We analyze in detail under what circumstances Landauer-like approaches to the current, i.e., without contact renormalization, are valid for interacting electron-electron and/or electron-phonon systems. Numerical NEGF calculations are then performed for a model electron-phonon coupled system in order to validate our analytical approach. We show that the conductance for the off-resonant transport regime is adequately described by Landauer-like approach in the small-bias limit while for the resonant regime, the Landauer-like approach results depart from the exact results even at small finite bias. The validity of applying a Landauer-like approach to inelastic electron-tunneling spectroscopy is also studied in detail.

JournalPhysical Review B
Volume82
Pagination085426
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.82.085426
Date Published2010/Aug//
Citation Key1345