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Structural, electronic and optical properties of the two isomers of Si(111)2×1

TitleStructural, electronic and optical properties of the two isomers of Si(111)2×1
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsViolante, C., Conte A., & Pulci O.
Conference NameJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Date Published2012/10
ISBN Number1742-6596
Keywordsbuckling; density functional theory; elemental semiconductors; infrared spectra; optics; scanning tunnelling microscopy; scanning tunnelling spectroscopy; silicon; surface reconstruction; surface states; ultraviolet spectra; visible spectra

The Si(111)2 × 1 is one of the most studied surfaces. Its reconstruction is described by the Pandey model with a buckling of the topmost atoms. With relation to the sign of the buckling, there are two slightly different geometric structures (isomers), conventionally named positive buckling and negative buckling. STM measurements suggest that the positive buckling isomer is the stable configuration at room temperature, but a recent work, involving STS measurements, has shown the coexistence of both the isomers, at very low temperature, for highly n-doped Si(111)2 × 1 specimens. There is hence the necessity to deepen the study of the negative buckling isomer, almost completely neglected in literature especially for what concerns its optical properties. In this work we have studied the structural, electronic and optical properties of both the isomers of Si(111)2 × 1 within the Density Functional Theory in the Local Density Approximation. Our results show that the response to light of the two isomers is sizearly different; Reflectance Anisotropy Spectroscopy would be the right experimental tool to investigate the coexistence of the two isomers.

Citation Key1172