The ETSF developed a training program in ab initio techniques, for both ground- and excited-states properties.
Hands-On training schools are designed to train researchers, both from the ETSF teams and outside, on Theory and Applications of Spectroscopic tools in Material Science and Nanoscience. They are directed not only at young researchers but to anyone who wants to develop his knowledge and skills in theoretical spectroscopy. These schools are characterized by full-time intensive programs, limited enrolment, highly available computer facilities, and informal environment; all elements that contribute to building the success of the events.
Very often some speakers are asked to deliver several hour-long lectures spread over the course of the schools and workshops. This format allowed the speakers to spend ample time educating students about their fields as well as to present their latest results.
As a byproduct, students especially enjoy the school's many opportunities for informal interaction with the lecturers. During informal late-afternoon "tutorials," small groups of students have ample time to ask individual lecturers deeper scientific or even technical questions.
We are establishing modular training units (training exercises, tutorial material), for on-line learning. These modules form a starting point for more substantial web-based distance learning, which we envisage would extend to components of the proposed graduate programme.
Finally, worthwhile to mention the European Graduate Modules, in which ECTS credits will be awarded, in occasion of Hands-On or Schools, on the theoretical description of excitations.